Neural is a printed magazine established in 1993 dealing with new media art, electronic music and hacktivism. It was founded by Alessandro Ludovico and Minus Habens Records label owner Ivan Iusco in Bari (Italy). In its first issue (distributed in November 1993) there was the only translation in Italian of the William Gibson's Agrippa (a book of the dead) book.
The first topics covered were: cyberpunk (both as a literally and political movement), electronic music, networks and BBS, virtual reality, media, science fiction and UFO. The magazine's mission was to be a magazine of ideas, becoming a node in a larger network of digital culture publishers. The magazine was also committed to give its topics a proper visual frame: focusing on graphic design and how it could have expressed the electronic culture in a sort of printed 'interface', exploiting at the same time the "sensorial" possibilities of the printed page. In 1997 the first Neural website was established, and it was updated daily from September 2000.
In 2004 Neural.it was awarded with an Honorary Mention in the net.vision category of the Prix Ars Electronica 2004. In 2007 Neural was part of the Documenta 12 magazines project and Alessandro Ludovico was appointed as an advisor.
Neural magazine started as a bi-monthly but since 1997 it was printed three times in a year (some years it was printed irregularly). It was printed originally in Italian, but since 2003 there are two different printed editions: in English and Italian.
go to: Neural website
Metalab02 History Navigator (requires the Adobe Flash Player 8+).